Putting together a disaster preparedness plan can be a daunting task. To begin, let us start with some basic questions. What kind of disaster should be planned for? What kind of disaster gear should be included in the kit? How many people will the plans have to support? How long will the disaster last?
Location is very important. This is one of the first questions anyone developing a disaster plan should take into consideration.
Everyone that lives within 200 miles of the Southeastern coast of the USA or the Gulf of Mexico coast should plan for hurricanes and/or strong thunder storms.
Anyone that lives in the northern regions should plan on cold weather with lots of snow and ice.
Mountain / arid regions should plan for wild fires in the summer and snow along with ice in the winter.
Tornadoes should be considered, regardless of location.
Earthquake prone regions should plan for just that, earthquakes.
By those examples, each disaster plan and urban survival kit will be a little different. However, each kit should contain some of the same basic items.
Food & Water – most organizations tell people to have at least 3 days or 72 hours worth of food and water on hand. This is an unrealistic number. After a disaster, such as a hurricane, most relief organizations plan on having services in place within 72 hours. What if the family has 3 days worth of food and water, and the relief services are NOT in place during that time frame?
For the sake of discussion, lets say the Jones family has 14 days worth of food and water on hand. The Smith family has 3 days – just like the government advices. On the 5th day after some kind of disaster strikes, the Smith family is asking the Jones Family if they have any food they can spare.
Whatever the government says you need, double or triple that number.