One part of the survivalist preps that is often over looked is the fruit tree. Instead of having to plant a garden every year, just plant a few fruit trees. Take care of the trees, give them some fertilizer, keep the bugs off of them, keep them trimmed and you might just have a food producing machine in your backyard.
Most people have a corner in the backyard where a fruit tree could be planted. If there is not enough room for a full sized tree, look into some miniature fruit trees. Some of miniature types only grow to be 6 – 10 feet tall.
The first thing to do is find out what kind of fruit tree grow well in your area. Some species of trees are better suited for certain climates. Some considerations include water requirements, frost requirements, freeze tolerant,,, the list goes on and on.
Apple Trees – Require a lot of sunlight, soil should be well drained. Young trees may be a better choice for planting then older trees. Apples that mature in mid summer do not keep well. The later in the year that the fruit matures, the longer it will keep.
Figs – Can be high producers, and is excellent of making jellies. Heavy freezes may kill parts of the tree. Just cut off the dead parts and the tree will usually be ok. If the fig tree is not trimmed back, it can grow to be 20+ feet tall. Figs are best when they are allowed to fully ripen on the tree. If allowed to over ripen, the figs can spoil and disease can set in.
Mayhaws – Grow best in wet ground, such as along rivers or streams. The fruit usually matures in the early spring and is excellent for making jellies and jams. The Mayhaw tree is a member of the Hawthorne family. When mature, after about 15 – 20 years of growth, the tree may have a have a canopy of up to 30 feet wide and may grow up to 30 feet tall.
Pecan Trees – Is an old time favorite in the southern part of the USA. Pecan Trees require well drained soils so the roots can develop a strong root system. The pecans develop during the summer and should be ready to harvest in late fall. In southeast Texas, most pecans are ready to harvest around late September and early October. When stored in a cool dry place, pecans be stored for several months.
Peach Trees – Can grow to have a canopy of up to around 18 feet. So most people plant their peach trees about 20 – 25 feet apart. Its been estimated that more than one million peach trees have been planted in the state of Texas.
Pear Trees – Can be high producers, but the fruit should be eaten or preserved (caned or jarred) within a few days after picking. These are also a favorite with the local wildlife – such as deer.
This is only a very, very small selection of trees. Your invited to visit your locally owned feed and fertilizer store and talk with the people there to see what kind of fruit trees are best suited for your area.